Earth dangles on a golden chain dropped from Heaven, and, by the end of the epic, a bridge connects Hell to Earth. This inner Hell is as much a part of Milton's universe as the physical lake of fire.The reader emerges from the experience renewed with a greater sense of faith, which is the ultimate goal of the poem. The chain remains, although at the end of Paradise Lost, a wide bridge across Chaos connects Hell to Earth. Empson agrees, writing that God's "apparently arbitrary harshness is intended to test us with baffling moral problems" Empson , such as why a hierarchy is necessary in Heaven at all, or why God would establish a complex arrangement of demonic and angelic guards to prevent an adversary from traveling from Hell to Eden, only to call them off "as soon as [they] look like succeeding" The fall, however, did not change the connection of Earth to Heaven. Therefore, although Milton credits God with speech and with enough form that the Son can sit "on his right," everything relating to God in Paradise Lost should be understood as a kind of metaphor, a device used to place the divine in human terms 3. Milton expresses great feeling into his epic, because he felt as if it connected directly to himself during his lifetime. The scientific questions concerning the universe were questions still hotly debated in Milton's time. The hierarchy of Hell is not a real arrangement based on superiority and inferiority. Milton asks us to imagine the first man struggling with many of the same questions a Renaissance thinker, contemplating new models of the universe, must have considered. In composing this extraordinary work, John Milton was, for the most part, following in the manner of epic poets of past centuries: Barbara Lewalski notes that Paradise Lost is an "epic whose closest structural affinities are to Virgil's Aeneid. What matter where, if I be still the same. Raphael's speech beginning at line in Book V makes it clear that all of the creatures of Earth can be arranged in hierarchical order.
The fall, however, did not change the connection of Earth to Heaven. But, while one may grant that the phrase "darkness visible" is oxymoronic, it is also meaningful. God knows how he created the universe and how the solar system works, but he does not share that information with Man in Paradise Lost.The hill from which Adam receives his vision of the future from Michael is apparently, though this is not stated, the highest place on Earth. There seems to be good evidence for it: God's language is "flat, uncolored, unmetaphorical," compared with Satan's vivid and inspiring rhetoric One can explain these problems by recalling that God does not simply want absolute obedience in his subjects, he wants the obedience of free beings. The chain remains, although at the end of Paradise Lost, a wide bridge across Chaos connects Hell to Earth. This completed a very complex picture of Milton's vision of the universe in the beginning. The silent battle between God and Satan, the development of characters and the themes in the epic adds to a better overall understanding of the Milton 's poem. Below God and the Son are the angels. On Earth, Adam is the superior being. The primary quality of Heaven is light. Centuries before Milton, Thomas Aquinas wrote in his Summa Theologica: "In the very gift of sanctifying grace, it is the Holy Spirit whom one possesses, and who dwells in man. Milton will also introduce a third Hell, an inner, psychological Hell. However, working within the confines of the Biblical account, Milton could not reasonably-even if he wished-display Satan as the outright protagonist and epic hero. All agreed that it had a beginning in time — although some Aristotelians of the thirteenth century were prepared to argue that this could not be established by philosophical arguments.
Therefore, although Milton credits God with speech and with enough form that the Son can sit "on his right," everything relating to God in Paradise Lost should be understood as a kind of metaphor, a device used to place the divine in human terms 3.
Before the Heavens thou wert.
Satan is a deeply solipsistic character, well aware of the world and his situation in it. In general terms, Milton describes a universe with Heaven at the top, Hell at the bottom, and Chaos in between.
In the wake of the English Civil War, anarchy was too tangibly the political counterpart of this return to chaos. It is a fictional world that presumes to represent the real world.