Citing a website with no author in a research paper

Websites hosted by university departments and programs would generally be considered reliable sources, especially in their areas of scholarly expertise.

Citing a website with no author in a research paper

Chen discusses several relationships revealed in this study. Websites hosted by university departments and programs would generally be considered reliable sources, especially in their areas of scholarly expertise. Reference entry All things Nittany. Some examples include commercial companies, universities, non-profit organizations, political groups, and government agencies. For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number. APA guidelines encourage this inclusion but do not require it. When the publication date of a printed work cannot be ascertained, the abbreviation n. When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source.

Private websites come in many forms. For example: This suggests that familiarity with nonnative speech in general, although it is clearly not as important a variable as topic familiarity, may indeed have some effect.

apa journal citation no author

More caution is warranted when the site discusses politics or issues of university governance. In-text Citation Rules for Long Quotations Long direct quotations are those with at least 40 words of quoted text in a row.

Journal of Multilingual and Multicultural Development, 23 4 APA American Psychological Association is the style the formatting style most used to cite sources within the social sciences and in several other academic disciplines.

how to reference a website with no author

World Socialist Web Site. Include the parenthetical citation after the final punctuation mark. Note that the quotation marks surround the text only, and not the parenthetical citation.

how to cite a website with no author apa purdue owl

New researchers tend to use more diverse methodologies Khan,p. Some examples include commercial companies, universities, non-profit organizations, political groups, and government agencies. Thomas, H. Verb tense used in referring to other works APA style requires authors to use past tense or present perfect tense NOT present tense when using signal phrases to refer to or discuss previous research.

How to cite a website with no author apa

For sources such as websites and e-books that have no page numbers, use a paragraph number. Illinois Supreme Court strikes down pension cuts. References Derwing, T. Many organizations maintain websites hosting information about the organization or about the field that they work in. A guessed-at date may be substituted in brackets. Use the following guidelines to determine how to correctly cite works by multiple authors in text. Thomas, H. When writing a journal article, literature review, convention paper, or any other academic document, authors must include in-text citations whenever they refer to, summarize, paraphrase, or quote from another source. In addition, every time a wok is cited within a paper in APA, a parenthetical citation , a corresponding entry must be included in the reference list. Private websites also raise issues of privacy, as some sites that require password access may not invite republication of their material in scholarly research. Be careful, too, to distinguish sites created by individual faculty members from those sponsored by the larger institution. Still others are quite professional in presentation, with authors who profess or demonstrate vast experience. The reliability of these websites varies widely, as these organizations often use their websites to promote specific causes and may therefore emphasize only the facts and ideas that support their goals. Note: You may notice that listing Internet sources often takes more time and care than listing print sources.
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Citing Online Sources Without Author, Date or Title in APA Style