A discussion of the problems that contributed to the russian revolution in 1917
The Socialist Revolutionaries win the largest number of seats, while the Bolsheviks win less than one-quarter of the vote.
Lenin declared an end to the fighting and made armistice proposals. Many soldiers return home to take part in redistribution of land.
Effects of russian revolution
Some wanted violent change, others peaceful, but as opposition to the Tsar was banned, opponents were increasingly driven to more radical measures. The mutiny seems to have convinced Lenin that a new approach was needed to win back the faltering support of the peasants; this was vitally important since peasants formed a large majority of the population. Inflation dragged incomes down at an alarmingly rapid rate, and shortages made it difficult for an individual to sustain oneself. Petersburg , there was also a broadly based movement in the rural areas as peasants seized and redistributed land. Immediately after the Revolution, the Soviet government has annulled the unequal treaties, which the Czar had imposed on China. However, after the shootings, the Tsar was perceived as an enemy of the working class and the desire for revolution began to spread. Even still, the revolution marked the end of a dynasty that had lasted years and concluded with the seizure of power by a small revolutionary group. The ideas of socialism which the socialist movement had been advocating and which the Russian Revolution espoused were intended for universal application. Ever more peasants traveled to the cities in search of work. Almost everywhere Russian forces were matched against German forces who had a superior advantage in weaponry, military talent, and logistics. They suffered low wages, poor housing and many accidents. When the free labor of the serfs disappeared, the old elites were forced to adapt to a capitalist, industrialized farming landscape. The Reds won but at the expense of millions of people killed.
However, a Bolshevik force under Mikhail Frunze destroyed the Makhnovist movement, when the Makhnovists refused to merge into the Red Army. Largely liberal, the events of a severe famine in the early s both politicized and radicalized them, as their collective action outlined them to them both how ineffective the Tsarist government now was, and how much they could achieve if they were allowed to unite.
Even dress code was considered. Growing numbers of socialists and lower-class Russians viewed the government less as a force in support of their needs and interests.
However, Trotsky, now Commissar for War, had done a magnificent job creating the well-disciplined Red Army, based on conscription and including thousands of experienced officers from the old tsarist armies.
In a speech made just hours later, Lenin shocked everyone by denouncing the Provisional Government and calling for a new revolution.
based on 39 review